What is Paneer? Everything to Know About This Indian Cheese

If you’re a cheese lover, this one’s for you! In Indian culture, it’s common to be a vegetarian or vegan, and whether you are or not, you’ve probably at least heard of Paneer.

In this post, we’re covering everything you need to know about what is Paneer, including how to make it, where to find it, and other important factors.

Homemade Paneer on a wooden board.

What is Paneer?

Paneer is an Indian cheese that’s made from curdled milk and some sort of fruit or vegetable acid like lemon juice. There are some distinct traits that make Paneer the cheese that it is:

  • It’s an unaged cheese
  • It’s a soft cheese
  • It doesn’t melt

You can eat paneer as a snack, with a meal, or even for breakfast. And while cheese might not seem like a common breakfast item, don’t knock it until you’ve tried it!

There are different theories as to where Paneer originated, the oldest and most common of them dating back to the 16th century in Southeast Asia where Persian and Afghani rulers first introduced the cheese. No matter its origin, it’s no secret that Paneer is a big and tasty part of the Indian culture. 

Straing Paneer Curds through cheesecloth to make paneer

How to Make Paneer at Home

The great news about Paneer is that you can make it yourself at home if you’re feeling up to some homemade cheese. Perhaps the best part about making Paneer at home is that the ingredients and items necessary are so simple. You’d need whole milk, a cheesecloth, and lemon juice — that’s it! You’ll have delicious Indian cheese in under one hour. 

In this recipe from The Food Network, you line your colander with a large double layer of cheesecloth and set it in the sink. Then, bring 8 cups of whole milk to a gentle boil over medium heat while stirring. Once that happens, add in your lemon juice and turn the heat to low. While stirring, the curds will start forming! Remove from heat and pour contents into your lined colander and rinse with cold water. Take the cheesecloth in hand and squeeze out the excess liquid. Then tie it to your faucet to let the remaining liquid drain. After that, twist the ball tight and place another plate on top and weigh it down with a heavy pot to ensure smooth cheese. Refrigerate it like this for about 20 minutes and then enjoy!

Where to Buy Paneer

Not up for making your own cheese? No problem — you can buy Paneer from a number of places. Of course, your local Indian grocer is the first option to find Paneer as they will most likely always have one or two brands of the cheese available for purchase. If you don’t have an Indian grocer nearby, there are some other options where you can buy Paneer! You can usually find Paneer locally at your Aldi store or even online on Amazon

Paneer Substitutes

Paneer Substitutes to Try

If you can’t find Paneer or are living a vegan lifestyle, there are some Paneer substitutes you can try in place of the traditional Paneer. 

  1. Mexican Queso Blanco
    1. Most similar to Paneer
    2. Potentially easier to find
  2. Mild Feta Cheese
    1. Wash to reduce briny flavor
  3. Extra Firm Tofu
    1. Great for vegans
    2. Be sure to drain it well
    3. Will absorb flavors of whatever you’re cooking it in
  4. Cottage Cheese

All of these are great alternatives to Paneer and will most likely work in any dish where you’d normally use Paneer. Of course, nothing will taste identical to Paneer, but if you’re in a pinch, these cheeses will do the trick.

Popular Paneer Dishes

There are a wide variety of meals that include Paneer, especially in Indian culture. Some of the most popular Paneer dishes include:

All of these dishes are very popular in India and revolve around our beloved Paneer. Whether you’re eating Paneer by itself or in a dish, be sure to use it up quickly as it only keeps in the refrigerator for about two or three days

Know which beer to pair with Paneer in our Beer with Indian Food guide and check out some other recipes from Sukhi’s:

  1. Recipes with Chicken Tikka Masala
  2. Samosa Sliders
  3. Chicken Vindaloo Wrap
  4. Golden Masala Oats
  5. Fig Chutney

Homemade Paneer Recipe (step-by-step guide):

Homemade Paneer on a wooden board.
5 from 5 votes

Homemade Paneer recipe:

Paneer is an Indian cheese that’s made from curdled milk and some sort of fruit or vegetable acid like lemon juice
Cuisine Indian
Keyword diy, homemade, paneer
Prep Time 5 minutes
Cook Time 30 minutes
Resting Time 1 hour
Total Time 1 hour 35 minutes


  • 1 gallon milk (whole milk) equals 1.8 liters
  • 1.5 tbsp lemon juice or white vinegar
  • 1 pint buttermilk


  1. In a large pot bring milk to a rolling boil. Stir occasionally to keep the milk from sticking to the bottom.
  2. Turn the heat off. Stir in butter milk followed by lemon juice or vinegar stirring continually. The milk should start to curdle as you pour in the activator which is lemon juice or vinegar here.

  3. At this point to keep the paneer from getting stretchy you should stop the cooking process which should be still happening as the pot is still hot. So to bring the temperature of the milk down quickly, add ice and stir.
  4. Place a colander in the sink and line it with cheesecloth.
  5. Strain curdled milk through cheesecloth. Gather up the corners of the cheese cloth, twist the cloth so that the soft cheese is in the shape of a ball. Squeeze out excess water. If the cheese is not cool enough to handle run the ball shaped cheese through cold water for 30-40 secs.
  6. Take the cheese ball (still wrapped in cheese clotplace it over a chopping board and put a heavy pan or pot over it. (I usually use my wrought iron pan and to add more weight I put a few cans of beans on top of it). Press it for 1 hour.
  7. Take paneer out of the cheesecloth and at this point you can either place it in a ziplock bag and pop it in the refrigerator or cut into cubes and then either use immediately or store in the refrigerator for upto 3-4 days or in the freezer for up to 3 months.


11 Responses to What is Paneer? Everything to Know About This Indian Cheese

  1. claudia v chow 1 year ago at 4:24 am #

    5 stars

  2. Karen 1 year ago at 6:49 am #

    I’m definitely going to try and make my own paneer. love the easy to follow recipe

    • Prerna Singh 1 year ago at 2:05 pm #

      Thrilled that you liked the recipe. Do not forget to let us know once you try the recipe 🙂

  3. This fone 8 months ago at 7:41 am #

    5 stars
    Very informative

  4. Gloria 7 months ago at 3:55 pm #

    If once frozen, can you re-freeze it?

    • Prerna Nalavade 7 months ago at 12:01 pm #

      Hi Gloria,
      We don’t recommend re-freezing once it has defrosted. You can freeze it for up to 3 months and once thawed, we recommend storing in the refrigerator and using the paneer within 3-4 days. One suggestion is to freeze in smaller, separate containers so that you can defrost smaller quantities at a time! We like to defrost one container at a time. It’s a big saver for dinner time!

  5. Saha 6 months ago at 7:23 am #

    What’s the 1 pint buttermilk for?
    Couldn’t locate it to or it’s use in the recipe

    • Prerna Nalavade 5 months ago at 10:50 am #

      Add the buttermilk when you add the lemon juice in step 2.

  6. Debra 6 months ago at 3:00 pm #

    How much ice are you adding? Thank You…defiantly going to try this recipe!

    • Prerna Nalavade 5 months ago at 10:49 am #

      2-3 cups of ice. Let us know how it turns out!


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